Everything you need to know before undergoing an Orthopaedic Surgery

Orthopaedic surgery is a medical treatment performed on the musculoskeletal system. It addresses issues related to the skeleton and its attachments, the ligaments and tendons. Orthopaedists at AMRI Hospitals, one of the best hospitals in Kolkata, explain that the surgery is mainly performed in case of injuries or damages to joints due to other conditions.Surgery can also treat issues related to the nervous system, like the ones that arise from injury to the spine. These issues can be in the form of birth defects or as the result of aging. They can be severe and chronic, too.

What happens during an Orthopaedic surgery?

  • Diagnosis of the injury
  • Treatment using medication, exercise, casting, surgery or other options
  • Recovery process, which includes exercises or physical therapy to restore movement, strength and function. It can require a long period of time
  • Precautions to prevent injuries and stop the disease’s progression

Conventional orthopaedic surgeries were based on the use of braces to treat skeletal deformities in children and straighten their bones. Surgeons inserted foreign material in the form of screws, wires, pins, tongs, and prosthetics, into the body to place the damaged bone in perfect alignment or to replace the bone and even the connective tissue.

Orthopaedic hospital in Kolkata state that these surgeries are mainly performed on the ankle, knee, hip, wrist, elbow, shoulder and spine.They are effective in treating various health conditions like:

  • Cerebral palsy
  • Osteoporosis
  • Club foot, knock knees, bow legs, bunions, hammertoes
  • Arthritis
  • Bone tumours
  • Spine disorders (eg: sciatica, scoliosis, ruptured disc)
  • Dislocations
  • Fractures, sprains, and strains
  • Muscle, ligament, and tendon damage

Some of the most common orthopaedic surgeries include:

Arthroscopy: A minimally-invasive surgical procedure, which helps in treating problems occurring inside the joint. It uses special cameras and equipment to visualize, diagnose and treat problems inside a joint

Internal fixation: A procedure,which is based on the surgical implementation of implants for healing a bone. Metal plates are used to hold the broken pieces of the bone in the required position

Osteotomy:A surgical operation, which helps in correcting the bone deformity by cutting and repositioning it. It is also used for straightening a bone that hasn’t healed perfectly after a fracture

Joint replacement: A procedure of orthopaedic surgery,which involves the replacement of an arthritic or dysfunctional joint surface with an orthopaedic prosthesis; it can be partial, complete or revisional

Soft Tissue Repair: An effective surgical procedure, which mends the soft tissue, like torn tendons or ligaments

Risk factors associated with orthopaedic surgeries

  • Risk of excessive bleeding or infection
  • Allergic reaction to anaesthesia
  • Inflammation, where foreign materials (pins, prostheses, or wires) are introduced into the body
  • Damage to nerves or to the spinal cord

SOURCE: life-healthy.net

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